Umutwa warokoye. Mubiganiro nibitecerezo bituruka hirya nohino byemeza ko ubwoko bwaba Twa muri 1994, bangana nka rimwe kwizana bagize abatura Rwanda nabo bahuye nibibazo muri Jenocide yakorewe abatutsi kuko bamwe bafatwaga nkabatutsi bitewe n’uko basaga. Bivugwa ko umwe cyangwa barenze umwe bari batuye mumajyepfo y’urwanda ugana ibutare bavuga ko hari abarokoye Abatutsi. Umwe muri abo avuga ko yarokoye Abatutsi batandatu (6) ariko ngo ntiyigeze ashimirwa cyangwa ngo ashirwe ahagaragara kubyo yakoze

Uyu murongo washyizweho kugira ngo ushyigikire amahoro arambye mu Rwanda, amahoro agomba gushingira ku bwumvikane, ku bwubahane no kwizerana hagati y’abahutu n’abatutsi. Byinshi bizaba bigizwe n’ubuhamya n’amakuru agaragaza uko abanyarwanda batabaranye bahangana n’ikibi gihebuje. Bizayoborwa na Paul Conway, Professor wa Politiki muri Kaminuza ya New York, Gatsinzi Stephen na Murenzi Edmond i Kigali.

Mahmood Mamdani yagaragaje ko abanyarwanda benshi ubu ushobora kubafata nk’abarokotse, kubera bahuye n’imibabaro myinshi mu bwicanyi n’akarengane mu bihe byahise.* Benshi barababaye bitavugwa kubera ibyaha bidakwiye kwibagirana. Birakwiye koko ko abakoze ibyaha bikabije nk’ubwicanyi no gufata ku ngufu bagomba guhanwa. Ubu buhamya bukurikira ni ikimenyetso ko n’ubwo abahutu benshi cyane bitabiriye gukora jenoside yo mu 1994, hari abandi banze kujya mu bwicanyi n’ibindi byaha. Abahagurutse bagahangana bivuye inyuma ni bake, ariko hari abashize ubuzima bwabo mu kaga bakiza abatutsi. Benshi muri izo ntwari barishwe. Ibi bigomba kumenyekana, kwemerwa kugira ngo ubwiyunge bushoboke.**

Ubuhamya bw’ubutabazi bwavuye mu byanditswe byashyizwe ahagaragara n’ibitarasohoka ndetse n’ibiganiro n’abantu barokotse cyangwa bakijije byakozwe mu 2007. Hari urutonde rw’ibitabo n’izindi nyandiko ziyongera ku buhamya, zafasha gucukumbura imbaraga n’intege nke mu bushake bw’ubwiyunge. Ntabwo ari ukugira inama ivuga ko hari undi muntu uzi cyangwa wabwira abanyarwanda uko bakomeza inzira igoye ibageza ku gihe kizaza cyuje icyizere n’amahoro. Ibyo bazabyiyemereza nk’abantu bari mu gihugu cyigenga kandi bishimiye.

* Mu mwanzuro w’isesengura rye yise “ When Victims Became Killers”, (Princeton University Press, 2001) Mamdani arashimangira ko imizi mu mateka ya jenoside ihera mu mpindura ya Rwabugiri mu kinyejana gishize n’impindura z’abakoloni zakurikiye kuva 1926-36 zagize abatutsi ubwoko kandi zikabatonesha. Habaye kwicwa cyane kw’abatutsi kwateye guhungira mu bihugu bikikije u Rwanda nyuma y’uko rubonye ubwigenge mu 1962. Habaye kwicwa kw’abahutu mu Burundi mu myaka ya 1970. Uhereye kuri ayo mateka, jenoside ya 1994 yakurikiyeho igomba kwumvwa nk’intambara yazanywe n’uruvangitirane rw’amatotezwa nk’iryakorewe abatutsi muri Uganda birukanwaga mbere y’uko FPR itera ubutegetsi bwa Habyarimana muri 1990.

** Ijambo ubwiyunge hano rivuga ingufu zizwi cyangwa zitazwi mu guteza imbere ubutabera, ubworoherane no kumvikana bigamije amahoro arambye.